You know the joke. Water flows uphill toward money.
So, what if we really opened our wallets and diverted water from Canada for use here in the U.S.? Dreamers have been thinking about this for the past 60 years. Here are three proposed grandiose water projects for bringing water out of Canada to the United States.
Yes way. The North American Water and Power Alliance (NAWAPA) was designed to tap 1.3 million square miles of water in Canada and supply water to 35 states. The Parsons Company‘s original 1964 estimate was $80 billion. The upgraded plan was estimated to cost $130 billion in 1979. The drainage area to be tapped was approximately 1.3 million square miles. Here was a promotional video of this plan (Thanks Michael for finding this!).
2. CeNAWAP – Central USA Apparently in the late 1960s, the Washington State Resource Center developed plans for the Central North American Water Project (CeNAWAP). This plan involved a series of canals and pumping stations from Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake to the Great Lakes for ready transport to the U.S.
3. GRAND – Eastern USA The Great Recycling And Northern Development Canal (GRAND) plan’s linchpin was a dike to be built across James Bay at the mouth of Hudson Bay. With this new giant fresh water reservoir 17% of the fresh water in Quebec and Ontario would have been captured and diverted to the south by a 167 mile canal to Lake Superior and Lake Huron. This project was estimated in 1994 to cost $100 billion to build and another $1 billion a year to operate.